Tuesday, November 29, 2016

November 14, 2010, New York Times, In Hunt for Nazis, an Incomplete History, by Eric Lichtblau, Tyson

Evans and Elisabeth Goodridge,

1. American Aid for Nazi Collaborators

The full report details how the United States became a “safe haven” for some Nazis, with some American officials actively working to help persecutors gain entry to the United States and conceal their identities and crimes. But the redacted version prepared by the Justice Department omits many of the central elements of these cases.

The redacted report omits the debate within the CIA in 1953 over what Otto von Bolschwing, a Nazi associate of Adolph Eichmann who became a CIA asset, should tell immigration officials or others in the United States if confronted about his Nazi past. It also deletes references to what American officials knew about his atrocities, including the assertion from a Justice Department officials that he might “be guilty of acts more heinous than anyone else currently under investigation.”

Soobzokov. In May 1977, the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York opened a criminal investigation to determine whether Soobzokov had lied to INS in his sworn interviewed, whether he was in fact involved in a bribery scheme with Social Security, and whether INS or the Social Security Administration had improperly th\varted an investigation. 16 The State Department, at the request of the USAO, prevailed upon the Soviets to get statements from Soviet citizens who might have served with Soobzokov or known of his wartime activities. The Soviets forwarded a group of statements (taken between 1944 and 1978). Some of those questioned claimed to have seen Soobzokov murder Soviet officials on behalf of the SS, others to have only heard about such crimes; one said Soobzokov had admitted the murders to him. 17 To counter these claims, Soobzokov submitted his own set of affidavits from persons who had kkown him during the war, including some of the refugees he allegedly had helped. IS The SLU was established a month after the U.S. Attorney's office opened its criminal investigation. In 1979, the U.S. Attorney's Office closed its investigation and INS' civil investigation passed from the SLU to the newly-formed OSL At just about this time, a pipe bomb was left in a cigar box outside Soobzokov's home. A note attached to the device read "Buddy. You didn't kill enough of them. Have a smoke on me. Fedorenko."19 A caller to the Associated Press warned that this was the first of many to be sent "to Nazi war criminals across the United States.,,20 OSI reviewed the material gathered by the Social Security Administration, the U.S. Attorneys Office and the SLU. 21 These included the SS roster, a criminal record from the U.S.S.R., and the Soviet statements. OSI also obtained a 1978 deposition Soobzokov had given in the libel action against Blum. According to that deposition, Soobzokov had told the U.S. Vice 345

Consul in Amman about his SS membership and submitted a written statement about the matter. Soobzokov claimed the matter had been fully investigated before his visa was granted. Since Soobzokov's INS record made no mention of a statement to the U.S. Vice Consul, OSI asked the State Department to search its files for the document. State found no reference to it. 22 OS1 also contacted the CIA and learned that Soobzokov had told the agency about his SS service at some point after he emigrated and before he became a citizen. 23 Although the statements by Soviet witnesses tied Soobzokov to possible persecutory actions, OSI personnel had not met the declarants. Moreover, "most of the better circumstantial witnesses" were dead. Without testing the testimony of the remaining witnesses "according to U.S. standards of due process and admissibility," OS1 was unwilling to base its case on their cIaims. 24 However, the ne\vly-established office wanted to file some cases quickly.25 The Soobzokov case was particularly pressing since he was the only subject in Blum's best-selling book against whom charges had not yet been filed. 26 Rather than charging him with involvement in persecution, the government focused on his failure to disclose his full military and criminal history to the State Department at the time of his visa application, and to the INS when he sought citizenship. OS1 filed charges in December 1979, alleging illegal procurement of citizenship (in that he had never been "'la\vfully admitted" because he had concealed pertinent information which \vould likely have barred his entry) and misrepresentations in his citizenship appl ication. The complaint also charged that Soobzokov lacked the good moral character necessary for citizenship; the lack of good moral character \vas based on his nlisrepresentations. The media, in reporting on the case, stated that Soobokov had "worked as a U.S. intelligence agent in Jordan in the 1950s, and may have been granted asylum secretly.,·27 346
Three months after the complaint was filed, Soobzokov submitted to OSI a copy of a 1952 docunlent (State Department Personal Data Form V-30) on which he had listed all the information that the cOInplaint alleged had been concealed. Soobzokov said he had given the fonn to the Consul in Amman at the time he applied for a visa. Although OSI had not seen this document in State Department or CIA files before the case was filed, it asked both agencies to search their files anew for any reference or copy of the form. The State Department found nothing, though it noted that some of its records from that era had been routinely destroyed. 28 The CIA, however, produced copies of the Form V-30 as well as two other relevant documents. All were State Department records, though none were in the State Department's own files. OSI had examined the CIA records before filing suit, yet found no copy of this material. The CIA told Director Ryan that the problem stemmed from application of the "third agency rule." Under that doctrine, one agency may not reveal documents classified by another. The CIA asserted that when it made its file available to OSI for review, it had removed the fonn V-30 and substituted a manila envelope captioned "State Department" and marked with the date of the document. This was done so that the reviewing OSI attorney would know to contact DOS and seek disclosure from that agency of the missing information. The OSI attorney who had reviewed the CIA files denied seeing any such envelope. 29 Whatever happened during the file review, the documents were now part of the case, and OSI had to determine their authenticity and impact. The office contacted persons who had been in Amman at the time the newly discovered documents \vere apparently prepared. Though none could remember the specific case, they did attest that the documents were of the type in use at the time. JO OSI also asked the FBI to examine the typeface on the documents; they learned that it 347


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A section on Arthur Rudolph, a German scientist who ran slave labor camp at Mettelwerk and went on to become an honored NASA scientist, omits numerous references to what Rudolph was alleged to have done in Germany, such as “forcing slave laborers to watch hangings.”

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A section on Tscherim Soobzokov, a Waffen SS member who worked with the C.I.A. in the 1960s after moving to New Jersey, deletes numerous references to the C.I.A.’s knowledge of his wartime activities and the Justice Department’s legal problems in bringing a case against him as a result.

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Soobzokov. In May 1977, the U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of New York opened a criminal investigation to determine whether Soobzokov had lied to INS in his sworn intervie\v, \vhether he was in fact involved in a bribery scheme with Social Security, and whether INS or the Social Security Administration had improperly th\varted an investigation. 16 The State Department, at the request of the USAO, prevailed upon the Soviets to get statements from Soviet citizens who might have served with Soobzokov or known of his wartime activities. The Soviets forwarded a group of statements (taken between 1944 and 1978). Some of those questioned claimed to have seen Soobzokov murder Soviet officials on behalf of the SS, others to have only heard about such crimes; one said Soobzokov had admitted the murders to him. 17 To counter these claims, Soobzokov submitted his own set of affidavits from persons who had krlown him during the war, including some of the refugees he allegedly had helped. IS The SLU was established a month after the U.S. Attorney's office opened its criminal investigation. In 1979, the U.S. Attorney's Office closed its investigation and INS' civil investigation passed from the SLU to the newly-formed OSL At just about this time, a pipe bomb was left in a cigar box outside Soobzokov's home. A note attached to the device read "Buddy. You didn't kill enough of them. Have a smoke on me. Fedorenko."19 A caller to the Associated Press warned that this was the first of many to be sent "to Nazi war criminals across the United States.,,20 OSI reviewed the material gathered by the Social Security Administration, the U.S. Attorneys Office and the SLU. 21 These included the SS roster, a criminal record from the U.S.S.R., and the Soviet statements. OSI also obtained a 1978 deposition Soobzokov had given in the libel action against Blum. According to that deposition, Soobzokov had told the U.S. Vice


2. ‘A Dead End’

In discussing the 1977 prosecution of Feodor Fedorenko, a Ukranian-born accused of being a guard at Treblinka before moving to the United States, the redacted report deletes extensive discussions about the legal problems the case faced in going to the Supreme Court, including a prosecutor’s acknowledgement that “we are at a dead end in this case.”

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p. 64that even if the law did not warrant denial of the government's claim, it would have ruled for the defense on equitable grounds. To reach this conclusion, the court focused on Fedorenko's exemplary behavior in the United States rather than his conduct during the war. The Solicitor General of the United States determines whether to appeal a government loss. He does so after reviewing recommendations from various DOJ components and the relevant agency or agencies involved, plus an overview from one of the lawyers in his office. In this case, the U.S. Attorney from the Southern District of Florida, the Criminal Division and INS all recommended appeal. Martin Mendelsohn, head of the SLU, wrote that: ''There were no neutrals at a death camp; the choice was killer or victim;'" he put Fedorenko squarely in the first . category. The Israelis, not normally participants in this decision-making process, weighed in with Congress. They feared that the wholesale rejection of eyewitness testimony would make survivors reluctant to testify in future cases. They were also horrified that the district court would even suggest that kapos had aided persecution. 8 The case was assigned to Allan Ryan, then working in the Solicitor General's office.. As he saw it, the crux of the complaint was that Fedorenko had committed war crimes. Yet there was no documentary evidence on the point and the district court opinion was "so heavily relian[t] on observation of demeanor that no court of appeals will reverse.'>9 As for the misrepresentations (concerning his birthplace, wartime whereabouts and German army service), Ryan feared that none were "material" as the Supreme Court defined the term. I thus think we are at a dead end in this case. To be sure, there is a very limited category of cases where appeal, even if foredoomed, must be taken to show the flag - to demonstrate the government's indignation at the judgment below and its determination to reverse, even when the chances of reversal are almost nil. Ifwe had extrajudicial evidence that Fedorenko was in fact a war


3. Regrets to an Accused Nazi

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The court granted the motion to dismiss and acknowledged the enormous emotional toll on all the participants. This case demonstrates the human fallibility of the trial process, and the continuing need for a careful and vigilant system of review of trial court decisions. But for the painstaking review given this case by the Court of Appeals, the defendant would have been stripped of his United States citizenship. In addition, the case is a manifestation of a worthy and courageous government and its servants who are able and willing to investigate evidence favorable to an accused, and to reexamine and withdraw charges made against an accused which are unsupported by the evidence. 

In granting the Government's motion, we do not forget the abominable atrocities inflicted at the hands of the Nazis on those and the families of those who testified against the defendant. But those outrages cannot be undone and certainly not by an unjust conviction of the defendant. Indeed, we are confident that those who survived the atrocities and seek vindication in memory of those who did not would not want their honor stained by a conviction which could not withstand careful, dispassionate scrutiny.31 Reaction carne from all quarters. Walter RockIer, back in private practice, wrote to Ryan expressing some concern about the government's statement to the court. I think it is a good statement and agree that the Office had no real choice except to abandon the prosecution.... [I]t is likely that the case involves mistaken identification but it is not certain. I would not, however, under any circumstances, have expressed regret to Walus. In good part, he brought the case on himself by telling cronies that he had actively participated in persecuting Jews and in making other anti-Semitic remarks. In my view, the circumstances call for no apology from the Government.38 Ryan explained the "story behind" the statement. Torn Sullivan, the United States Attorney, felt very strongly that we should make an outright apology to Walus. I flatly refused, and Mark Richard backed me up. Sullivan said that if the Department of Justice did not tender an apology, that he would issue his own statement, of apology. Such a statement obviously would have boomeranged against us and put us in the position of answering


4. Allegations of Misconduct

In a section on the Justice Department’s most highly publicized failure, the case against Ohio autoworker John Demjanjuk, the department deleted extensive passages regarding misconduct allegations that an appellate judge raised against prosecutors in 1994 in failing to turn over material to the defense. A department ethics investigation later rejected the allegations.

5. No ‘Mere Functionary?

A section on a 1986 investigation into Kurt Waldheim, who became president of Austria that year, omits sharp internal disagreement over the probe’s diplomatic implications. It also deletes extensive evidence produced by O.S.I.’s director at the time, Neal Sher, as well as the World Jewish Congress (W.J.C.) about Waldheim’s wartime activities, including violence by his unit.

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Kurt Waldheim - A Prominent International Figure

Austrian President Kurt Waldheim is the only head of state ever placed on the Watchlist. The decision to place him there was made by the Attorney General of the United States after consultation with the State Department and review of a report prepared by OSI. The listing put OSI at odds, in varying degrees, with Waldheim, the Austrian government and Simon Wiesenthal. Waldheim's wartime activity was first brought to the government's attention by the WJC. 

In January 1986 Eli Rosenbaum - who had been an OSI attorney and would later return to OSI was serving as General Counsel to the WJC. The WJC had received a tip that Waldheim had served as a senior intelligence officer with the Gennan army in the Balkans from 1942 to 1945. 

Rosenbaum began to investigate. At the time, Waldheim was a candidate in the upcoming Austrian presidential election. He had already served two terms (1972 - 1982) as Secretary General of the U.N. His recently published autobiography, like all official statements about him, stated that he had been wounded on the Russian front in 1941 and had spent the remaining war years as a law student in Vienna. I Rosenbaum began to learn otherwise. He found documents showing that Waldheim had served in a unit that had taken civilian hostages, burned homes, and shot male prisoners. The WJC gave its preliminary findings to The New York Times. 2 

After doing some of its own investigation, the newspaper reported that Waldheim had served with a Gemlan Army command that fought "brutal campaigns against Yugoslav partisans and engaged in mass deportations of Greek Jews'" His commanding officer had been executed for war crimes. 3 

Faced with documentation establishing his wartime posting, Waldheim conceded that he 


6. Reagan and the ‘Belarus Conspiracy’

The Justice Department deleted a passage on a memo that an O.S.I. lawyer sent in October 1980, on the eve of the presidential election, informing the attorney general that Ronald Reagan had been indirectly tied to an investigation into a supposed conspiracy to bring Nazis from Belarus to the United States. The author of the memo, Allan Ryan, said he informed the attorney general of the theory being pursued by one of his lawyers, John Loftus, because he did not want to be accused of trying to “save Reagan a month before the election.” The conspiracy theory, and Reagan’s purported connection to it, were later debunked following several investigations.

7. Swiss Purchase of Nazi Gold

In 1997, as an international body known as the TGC (the Tripartite Gold Commission) was preparing to redistribute gold looted by the Nazis, an intense internal dispute erupted between the State Department’s Stuart Eizenstat and the Justice Department’s Eli Rosenbaum over how culpable the Swiss should be held for buying Nazi gold during the war. The Justice Department report deletes extensive references to this internal debate, including the Justice Department’s belief that there was “definitive proof” that the Swiss had accepted Nazi gold and that the Truman Administration, in “dissembling to Congress,” had vastly underestimated the size of the gold purchases years earlier.


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8. A Dispute with Germany

Beginning in the mid-1980s, Germany began complaining to American officials that the United States was improperly sending German-Americans suspected of war crimes back to Germany to avoid prosecution. The Justice Department deletes several sections about the internal dispute over the issue, including the fact that the U.S. State Department sided with Germany.

9. ‘An Unmitigated Disaster’

In early 2000, Justice Department officials met with Latvian officials in the country’s capital of Riga in the hopes of persuading the Latvians to cooperate more aggressively in pursuing suspected Nazis from the region. The Justice Department report deletes references to the meetings as “a hideous failure” and “an unmitigated disaster.”

10. A Critic in Congress

Former Rep. James Traficant of Ohio became a fierce critic of a number of the Justice Department’s Nazi-hunting investigations. The Justice Department deleted several references to Mr. Traficant, his specific criticisms, and the fact that he was convicted of bribery in 2002.
resolution in the Michigan Senate condemning OSI for working with the Soviet authorities, although the Senate adjourned without voting on the measure. Neither the YFW nor the 'Michigan legislature ever referenced OSI before or since. Congressman James Traficant was also often critical of OSI. 56 He accused the office of using evidence doctored by the Eastern bloc in both the Denljanjuk and Artukovic prosecutions 57 and of inappropriately intimidating Rudolph into leaving the country.58 While the vast majority of OS!' s detractors are well motivated, it is impossible to ignore the fact that a small percentage of the criticism is redolent of anti-Semitism and Holocaust revisionist history. Some critics questioned whether there had ever been gassings in concentration camps;59 some saw Jews as persecutors, rather than victims, blaming them for tyranny and atrocities committed in the name of Communism. 60 Patrick Buchanan - whose criticisms often focused on substance, procedure and political philosophy 61 - doubted the value of survivor testimony. He referred to it as "Holocaust Survivor Syndrome" replete with "group fantasies of martyrdom and heroics. ,,62 Karl Linnas' daughters, appealing to the Estonian community for funds, implied that the '''injustice'' done to their father had been brought about by Je\vish judges, and opined that judges and prosecutors of Je\vish origin should be required to disqualify themselves from these cases. As they saw it, '''These trials are a part of the overall effort to use the holocaust as propaganda in order to gain further political and financial support for the state of Israel:,63 A board member of the Captive Nations Committee suggested that OSI personnel showed greater loyalty to Israel than to the United States. 64 The criticism \vas greatest during the Cold \Var years~ when the emigre groups \vere most active and when Buchanan, the 11105t prornincnt single critic. had a highly visible platform as a 543

The U.S. State Department is still sitting on tons of Nazi records of millions of Germans stored behind barbed wire in an unmarked archive in a West Berlin suburb.

"There's nothing classified

News-Press from Fort Myers, Florida · Page 13 - Newspapers.com

Feb 24, 1978 - News-Press (Fort Myers, Florida), Friday, February 24, 1978, Page 13.

The Anniston Star from Anniston, Alabama · Page 8 - Newspapers.com
https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/106546760/Feb 23, 1978 - The Anniston Star (Anniston, Alabama), Thursday, February 23, 1978, Page 8.

June 19, 2016, Winston Smith-Ministry of Truth.blogspot, 1.5 million gassed at Dachau,

April 17, 2013, Tablet Magazine Warsaw, How Stolen Nazi Documents Made Their Way to American Jewish Archives, by Lisa Leff, Did Zosa Szajkowski save precious documents from the Nazis, or did he steal the cultural patrimony of French Jews?

April 17, 2013, JWeekly, Gold stash -- possibly from Jews' teeth -- unearthed,

September 27, 1996,

August 10, 1998, JTA.org, Key to opening U.S. archives on Nazis sits on Clinton's desk,

January 29, 2010, Pamela Geller, Concealing the Truth about Auschwitz Blueprints and the Mufti: 62 ...,

[PDF] Contemporary Global anti-Semitism - US Department of State,
The Act requires the U.S. Department of State to document and combat acts of anti-Semitism globally. To advance these... German people, which is still being blackmailed because of... David, sitting on a throne in the “Black House”

August 15, 2016, National Archives, The Nuremberg Laws,

Full text of "The New Germany And The Old Nazis" - Internet Archive


The American Experience in World War II: The United States
Walter L. Hixson - 2003 - ‎History

April 29, 2008, Listverse, Top 10 Declassified Secrets,

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molotov–Ribbentrop_PactThe Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi-Soviet Pact or the German–Soviet

August 23, 1939, AllWorldWars.com, Nazi-Soviet Relations, 1939-1941. Documents from the Archives of the ..., Molotov signs the German–Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, Moscow.

The Avalon Project : Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression Volume IV, avalon.law.yale.edu/imt/2233-ps.aspTRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT 2233-A-PS - 2233-CC-PS ... The German State Railway sends daily 10 transports, each carrying 1000 workers. .

Congressional Record: Proceedings and Debates of the 105th Congress,
The Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act represents what I hope will be the culmination of ... Yet, if the last few years are any indication, we still have a great deal more to learn. ... How many more such pictures or documents exist? ... and the Historian of the Department of State are specifically appointed to sit on the task force

Global Research.ca, Bush – Nazi Dealings Continued Until 1951 – Federal Documents ...,

May 30, 1998, WSWS, Blood money: two exposés of Swiss collaboration with the Nazis ...,


September 6, 1996, The Independent, Fourth Reich plot revealed,


NewsFocus.org, Nazis Among Us,
www.newsfocus.org/0_us_nazis.htm"A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our

theTrumpet.com, Pro-Nazi Party's First Win,
https://www.thetrumpet.com/article/ since Adolf Hitler has a pro-Nazi party won state parliament seats.

March 3, 2012, dw.com, Nazi ties unbroken in post-war government | Germany,
March 27, 2015, Washington's Blog, Americans Supported and Inspired the Nazis,

Smithsonian, Saving the Jews of Nazi France | History,

CIA, mind control, Nazis, mk-ultra, ritual abuse information : S.M.A.R.T. ...
https://ritualabuse.us/...documents.../cia-mind-control-nazis-mk-ultra-ritual-abuse-info...The nature of the experiments, gathered from government documents and ... Huard says what happened after that still haunts her today and she will be in a federal .... All he did was had student volunteers sit in a cubicle with goggles, gloves and ... Act by the CIA, FBI, NSA, Army, State Department, and other U.S. agencies.

September 25, 2004, The Guardian, How Bush's grandfather helped Hitler's rise to power,

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September 13, 2016, Chicago Tribune, Chicago family donates prized papers to U.S. Holocaust Museum, Cached,

PBS, Frontline, The Sinister Face Of 'Neutrality',
Switzerland served as a repository for Jewish capital smuggled out of Nazi Germany,

Red Fascism: The Merger of Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia - JStor, by LK Adler - ‎1970 - ‎Cited by 178,

July 7, 2016, Newsweek, The Last Nazi Hunter,
www.newsweek.com/.../nazi-hunter-efraim-zuroff-lithuania-holocaust-478180.html Cached,

Isurvived.org, Referenced Material,

May 2, 1998, HRI.org, U.S. Department of State Daily Press Briefing #54, 98-05-01, www.hri.org/news/usa/std/1998/98-05-01.std.html Cached,

January 19, 2014, New Republic, Would You Feel Differently About Snowden, Greenwald, and Assange If You Knew What They Really Thought?, by Sean Wilentz, Cached,

June 13, 2013, TwinCities.com, Nazi collaborator living in Minneapolis; unit he commanded linked to WWII civilian massacres, by Pioneer Press, Cached,

October 18, 2016, Jerusalem Post, US State Dept official 'pressured' FBI to declassify Clinton email -FBI documents, Cached,

November 15, 1993, The New Yorker, Evidence of Evil,
Cached, Similar,

December 10, 2013, PBS, The Diane Rehm Show, The Challenges Of Claiming Nazi-Stolen Artwork,

bibliotecapleyades.net, Operation Paperclip Casefile and American Rip-offs,

www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/esp_sociopol_mj12_29.htm Cached, Similar,

November 10, 2013, Veterans Today, Was Ronald Reagan the Last Duly Elected President?, Cached, Similar,

November 24, 2015, Washington Post, Anne Frank and her family were also denied entry as refugees to the, Similar

Persecution of the German Jews, 1933 - 1941,

Cached, Similar,
On that date also, the state seized all money deposited by Jews in Germanbanks. ... 164,000 Jews still remained in Germany at the beginning of the deportations ... Jews were not allowed to sit on park benches unless they were willing to sit on a .... In addition, the German Department of the Interior published a list of Jewish

It's Midnight In Berlin: A True Story of an American Girl in War,
Pat McMann Gilchrist - 2013 - ‎Biography & AutobiographyThe missing people were Warrant Officer Samuel Harrison and his wife; Captain Harold Cobin; and Lt. George Wyatt. My family, of course, was frantic andjust ...

The Post-Standard from Syracuse, New York · Page 2
(AI Wire- photo)--Mrs. Mary Gobln of Newark, N. J., wife of Capt. Harold Cobin, stands lone in the railroad station in Berlin, Germany, on July 10 after...Newark, N.J. and Lt. George Wyatt, Oklahoma City--who last were seen boarding a train




RUSS ARREST PAIR ON TOUR SOVIET AREA, Captain And Lieutenant Were Harold Cobin 01 Newark. N.J. and Lieut. George Wyatt of Oklahoma City, told the story disappearance to a press conference 12 hours after their release.

Russ Hold Cl Iron Curtain Covers Fate Of Prisoners

cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=MT19460711.2.12Texas. Capt. Harold Oobia of Newark New Jersey, and Lt. George Wyatt of Cobin and Wyatt boarded a train for nearby Oranienburg in the Russian zone July ...

The Pittsburgh Press from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 5,
Russians to give up Capt. Harold Cobin. of Newark, N.J., and Lt. George Wyatt, of Oklahoma City. On receiving the Harrisons from the Russians, Maj. Gen.

Page 3 — The Daily Banner 31 July 1946 — Hoosier State Chronicles ...,
The two officers, Capt. Harold Cobin of Newark, N. J. and Lieut. George Wyatt of Oklahoma City, told the story of their disappearance to a press conference 12 hours after their .... Rost ,:S ' lt; 12 " and George H. Randall strtech- Gallndl - ' l ! * &.

Page 1 — The Daily Banner 11 July 1946 — Hoosier State Chronicles ...,
Officer Samuel L. Harrison and his wife of Harrah, Okla., and San Antonio, Tex., Capt. Harold Cobin of Newarx, N. J., and Lt Ge ogc Wyatt of. j Oklahoma City.

Kalgoorlie Miner (WA) - Australian Newspapers - MyHeritage,
https://www.myheritage.com/research/collection-10450/australian-newspapers?...The two American officers still held are Captain Harold Cobin and Lieutenant George Wyatt The Soviet Deputy Military Governor, General Dratvin, has in formed

[PDF]July 31 - The Daily Iowan - University of Iowa,

was a violation of the law to t1V.e Capt. Harold Cobin of New York him a check for SerVices of that City and Lt. George Wyatt of Ok- character?" lahoma City who ...

Canadian Attic: July 31, 2016,
canadianattic.blogspot.com/2016/07/july-31-2016.htmlJul 30, 2016 - U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes recommended that 100,000 ... U.S. Army Captain Harold Cobin and Lieutenant George Wyatt were ...

Commander-in-Chlef, General Lucius. D. Clay, Berl'in. (Also Military Go- vernor.) ... er't D. Murphy, US Sta-to De- partment. Economics Adviser: Maj. Gen. W. H. Draper, Jr. (recently ... Maj. Gen. George P. Hays. Assistant to Deputy Military Gov- ernor: Brig. Gen. William Hesketh. .... US Deputy Secretary: Major G. L. C.. Scott.

History: Weekly information bulletin (Number 110): Key MG personnel,

September 7, 1945, marshallfoundation.org, 5-226 To General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower,

List of United States Army four-star generals - Wikipedia
This is a complete list of four-star generals in the United States Army, past and present. ... It ranks above lieutenant general (three-star general) and below General of the .... Commanding General, U.S. Forces, European Theater/Military Governor, .... Alexander S. Clay; father of Air Force four-star general Lucius D. Clay Jr.

Foreign Relations of the United States: Diplomatic Papers, 1945,
General Clay 38 stated that in the eyes of the world this particular concern stood as a ... Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U.S. Deputy Military Governor for Germany; U.S.

Public Papers - Truman Library - Public Papers of the Presidents,
The President referred to Lewis W. Douglas, U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain; Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U.S. Deputy Military Governor in Germany; Robert D.

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Harry S. Truman, - 1963,
The President referred to Lewis W. Douglas, U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain; Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U.S. Deputy Military Governor in Germany; Robert D.

Harry S. Truman - The American Presidency Project,
The President referred to Lewis W. Douglas, U.S. Ambassador to Great Britain; Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U.S. Deputy Military Governor in Germany; Robert D.

[PDF] Issue 183 Feb 11 - The Berlin Observer,

[PDF] Military-NGO Interaction in a Post-Conflict Environment - West Point, by MTM Chacho - ‎2008 ,

The Courier-Journal from Louisville, Kentucky · Page 2,
Cached, Newton spoke of a verbal ultimatum by Russian military officials. .... Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U. S. deputy military governor, asked the French about a report that ...

The Kingston Daily Freeman from Kingston, New York · Page 9, https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/28048129/
Cached, in Berlin as American military governor in Germany announced, today that ... the U.N. military staff committee and will be succeeded by his deputy, Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay

[PDF] US Army and the interagency process: historical perspectives: the ..., by MGBMG Brooks - ‎Related articles

Page 3 — The Cornell Daily Sun 6 November 1946 — The Cornell ...,
cdsun.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/cornell?a=d&d=CDS19461106.1...S—UP)5 — UP) —German officials were accused by Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay today of "whitewashing" suspected Nazis in the U.S. Occupation Zone, ... Clay, U.S. Deputy Military Governor, told officials of the three states in the U.S. Zone that he...

[KML] Nurnberg Trials 1945-1949 - Digital Commons @ Georgia Law,
Photo 1954 - Lt. Gen. Gottlob ... Defiant to the last, SS Lt. Gen. Gottlob ..... Lucius D. Clay, U.S. Military Governor, show during a session of the Pohl case. Brig.

Full text of "Evolution of Bizonal Organization" - Internet Archive,
At this meeting it was agreed the two Deputy Military Governors would constitute them- selves as ..... Finance have a British chief and a US deputy. ..... M Lieutenant General Sir Brian Kobertson General Lucius D. Clay Deputy Military Governor

HyperWar: US Army in WWII: The Supreme Command (ETO) - Ibiblio
General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower (U.S.) ... Maj. Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg (U.S.), Deputy Air Commander-in-Chief ... Lucius D. Clay, Head Deputy Brig.

November 6, 1946, The Cornell Daily Sun, Vol. 64, No. 19, page 3, Issue PDF (11.87 MB),

November 6, 1946, The Cornell Daily Sun, Vol. 64, No. 19, page 3, S.G. Jury Frees Chief Alleged Negro Blinder,

November 6, 1946, The Cornell Daily Sun, Vol. 64, No. 19, page 3, S.G. Jury Frees Chief Alleged Negro Blinder,

S.G. Jury Frees Chief Alleged Negro Blinder,

Columbia, S.C., Nov. 5 — (AP) — Police Chief Lynwood L. Shull of Batesburg was found innocent by a federal court jury tonight of charges of violating, by beating him blind, the civil rights of Isaac Woodard Jr., Negro war veteran from New York City.

Woodard testified that Shull beat him until he was blinded in arresting him last Feb. 12.

At today's trial Shull denied the charges and said he struck the negro only once, in self defense, as they struggled for possession of his blackjack.

The white male jury deliberated less than half an hour.

Industry Ridicules UMW Pay Theory; Declares Lewis Hurting His Own Men,

Embezzlement Search Leads D.A. to Lagoon,

Clay Denounces German Tactics,

November 6, 1946, The Cornell Daily Sun, Vol. 64, No. 19, page 3, Ghandi Embarks On 'Death Fast9 If More Riots,

October 2, 2010, Christian Science Monitor, Free speech: Westboro church Supreme Court case tests First Amendment, by Warren Richey, Staff Writer, A Supreme Court case challenging the Westboro Baptist Church anti-gay protests will test the limits of free speech, with First Amendment implications for other forms of expression such as Quran burning and racist demonstrations.

UNCG.edu, Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party,

skokiehistory.omeka.net, Skokie History | Frank Collin, et al. v. Albert Smith, et al., Newspaper clipping: Skokie Life (8-14-1977)

April 27, 1977, Northern Illinois University, Nazi March - Illinois Periodicals Online, www.lib.niu.edu/1978/ii781111.html

Constitutional Interpretation - Page 878 - Google Books Result
Craig R. Ducat - 2012 - ‎Political Science,

UCSB.edu, Skokie: For all or for none,

Constitutional Interpretation: Rights of the Individual, ny Craig R. Ducat - 2012 - ‎Education

todayinclh.com, 7th Circuit Affirms Nazi Free Speech Rights in Skokie | Today in Civil ...,

Bibliography - Debate, Diplomacy, and Free Speech: The Skokie Case, April 20,1978, Chicago Sun-Times, Appeals Court Ruling on Nazi March Soon,

law.justia.com, Village of Skokie v. Nat'l Socialist Party of America :: 1978 :: Supreme...,

Courts - Skokie Newspaper Index,

Encyclopedia.com, Collin v. Smith: 1977,


July 26, 2015, Communities Digital News, Skokie, Nazis & The First Amendment: Freedom of Speech on trial, by Claire Hickey,

kokie Public Library, Attempted Nazi March of 1977 and 1978,

The decision to target Skokie was controversial because the Village was home to a large population of Jewish .... Appeals court ruling on Nazi march soon

May 23, 1978, New York Times, Appeals Court Upholds Nazi Plan To Hold Demonstration in Skokie, by Nathaniel Sheppard Jr.,

June 13, 1978, New York Times, Justices Clear Skokie Parade By Nazi Group, by Robert Reinhold,

Autumn, 1978, The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 69, No. 3, pp. 367-371, JStor.org, The Constitutional Protection of the Swastika,

June 30, 1977, Washington Post, Nazis' March In Skokie, Ill., Stirs Emotion,

[PDF] Law.Duke.edu, Skokie, the ACLU and the Endurance of Democratic Theory, by IL Horowitz - ‎1979 - ‎Cited by 18 - ‎Related articles,

[PDF] law.nd.edu, Skokie Revisited: Hate Group Speech and the First ... - NDLScholarship, by DA Downs - ‎1985, ‎Cited by 84 - ‎Related articles, April 25, 1977,

PDF] NAZIS IN SKOKIE: FREEDOM, COMMUNITY, AND THE FIRST ..., by JH Garvey - ‎1986, Related articles

[PDF] AJC Archives, Special Articles,by D G Dalin, ‎Related articles,

[PDF] McCormickFoundation.org, National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie Chronology,

[PDF] Racial Defamation as Free Speech: Abusing the First Amendment, by K Lasson - ‎1985, ‎Cited by 78 - ‎Related articles,

[PDF] Nazis in Skokie: Fighting Words or Heckler's Veto? - Via Sapientiae, by MA Rabinowitz - ‎1979,www.chicagobusiness.com/article/19940514/issue01/100012170?template=printart

[PDF] wayne.edu, Mediating Political and Social Conflicts: The Skokie-Nazi Dispute, by RA Salem - ‎2014,

[PDF] Newseum, You Can't Say That?!,

[PDF] Northwestern.edu, Racially-Motivated Violence and Intimidation - Scholarly Commons, by GL Padgett - ‎1984 - ‎Cited by 24, - ‎Related articles,

October 28, 2015, [PDF] ca6.uscourts.gov, Ruling - United States Court of Appeals, - 13-1635. Appeal from the United States District Court ...... Vill. of Skokie, 432 U.S. 43, 43–44 (1977) (recognizing First Amendment rights of Neo Nazis seeking to march with swastikas and to distribute racist and anti-Semitic...)

[PDF] June 30, 1978, Marxists.org, Labor Must Drive Nazis Out of Chicago!,

December 22, 2009, ACLU, National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie,

June 16, 1977, NBC News, Supreme Court Says Ban on Neo-Nazi Party Demonstrations Is Unconstitutional,

March 9, 2010, Los Angeles Times, Supreme Court to hear case on protests, by David G. Savage, Justices will rule on suit by parents of soldier whose funeral was marred by anti-gay religious demonstrators.

March 16, 2011, Cornell Chronicle, Freedom of expression is the 'essence of our democracy,' according to Faust Rossi, by Lauren Gold,

April 27, 2011, The Constantine Report, When the Nazis Came to Skokie,

June 7, 2012, The New York Review of Books, Should Hate Speech Be Outlawed?, by John Paul Stevens, The Harm in Hate Speech, by Jeremy Waldron [Harvard University Press, 292 pp., $26.95]

Newsroom « American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois, They defend Nazis marching in Skokie,

April 8, 2015, Los Angeles Review of Books, Is the First Amendment Poetic?,

October 13, 2010, Public Discourse, Swastikas, Burning Crosses, and “God Hates Fags”,

March 6, 2011, MLive.com, Westboro Baptist's court victory to protest military funerals hard to ...,

March 14, 2011, Truthout, Freedom for the Thought That We Hate,

Summer 1991, The American Prospect, The Remedy is More Speech, by Franklyn Haiman,

A Brief History of Film Censorship

ncac.org › Resources1927 Independent film exhibitors, frustrated by movie studio rules that give ... and wins a ruling from the federal appeals court that the book is not obscene. ... Collins, the Supreme Court upholds the right of Nazis to march in Skokie, Illinois.

November 29, 2002, Stanford.edu, Freedom of Speech (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy),

CSun.edu, The Camel's Nose Is in the Tent: Rules, Theories, and Slippery Slopes,

September 9, 2010, PRWatch, The Supreme Court's "Citizens United" Decision Threatens the 1964 Civil Rights Act, by Brendan Fischer,

Skokie, Nazis, and the Elitist Theory of Democracy - ProQuest, by JL Gibson - ‎1984 - ‎Cited by 12 - ‎Related articles

November 5, 2002, Reuters - Rense, JDL's Irv Rubin Brain Dead After Suicide Attempt, by Dan Whitcomb,

September 22, 2012, Courtroom Strategy.com, Two Cases Test Reach of First Amendment – The KKK Wants to ...,

National Socialist Party of America v. Village of Skokie explained,

November 3, 2015, DeadSpin.com, The Skins' Latest Court Filing Is Comically Vulgar,


The Politics of the American Civil Liberties Union,
William A. Donohue - 1985 - ‎Law

May 14, 1994, Crain's Chicago Business, [PDF] As Nazi demonstration approaches March hinges on Marquette deal,

June 9, 1978, Southern Israelite, page 1, Skokie Permits Fly,

1977, .liquisearch.com, History of Antisemitism in The United States - Late Twentieth Century ...,

March 10, 1978, Hoosier State Chronicles, Page 3 — Jewish Post 10 March 1978,

February 28, 2011, Southern Poverty Law Center, Ku Klux Klan: A History of Racism,


March 19, 2010, New York Times Upfront, Can free speech go too far? A neo-Nazi group's roadside message raises questions about protecting offensive speech, by Michael Cooper,

March 8, 2011, Townhall.com, Court Ruling Shows High Cost of Freedom - Robert Knight,


December 2, 2013, [PDF] Chicago Daily Law Bulletin, Documentary on 1977 Skokie legal battle ...,

May 14, 2014, JihadWatch.com, In “unconstitutional” ruling, Appeals Court upholds denial of SIOA,

March 25, 2009, Ikhwanweb, From Skokie to Um-el-Fahm,

Frank COLLIN et al - Department of History,

Under the Illinois Constitution, Skokie,

Lawyers Provide Pro Bono Legal Help for Holocaust Documentary,

www.illinoislawyerfinder.com/care/lawyers-provide-pro-bono-for-documentary(Ultimately, the neo-Nazis didn't march in Skokie but in Chicago.)

October 30, 2013, allcourtdata.com, The Village of Skokie, Appellee, v. National Socialist Party,


March 2, 2011, BlueJersey.com, Big Victory for Westboro Baptist “Church” in U.S. Supreme Court,


March 4, 2011, The American Civil Rights Union, High Cost of Free Speech,

Nazi March Approved . - Google News,


Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party (1978) - Personal.psu.edu,
The appellate court modified the order, enjoining the party and members only from

When the Nazis came to Skokie: freedom for speech we hate - Google, books.google.com.vc/books?

June 26, 2008, Supreme Court.gov, [PDF] District of Columbia v. Heller, https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/07pdf/07-290.pdf

"To Secure These Rights: The Supreme Court and Snyder V. Phelps ..., by E Fishman - ‎2011 www.questia.com

CNET - Forums, High Court Sides With KKK,

Jan 31, 2014, AMREN.com, Should Neo-Nazis Be Allowed Free Speech? | American Renaissance,

August 29, 2014, Reddit.com, Federal Appeals Court Endorses a Heckler's Veto of Provocative ...,


April 28, 2015, StudyBlue.com, Chapter 4 Notes.pdf - AP Government And Politics 2 with Mr. Miles at ...,


May 20, 2009, The Huffington Post, Remembering the Nazis in Skokie,


Appeals court ruling on Nazi march soon :: Skokie's Attempted Nazi March Archive,


April 10, 1978, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, New Court Ruling on Nazi March,


July 22, 2016, Skokie History, Appeals court ruling on Nazi march soon,


January 24, 2013, Chicago Tribune, New Film Explores Skokie's Battle with Neo-Nazis,


March 18, 1978, Chicago Tribune, Judge delays Nazi march in Skokie,

April 7, 1978, New York Times, Appeals Court to Rule Tomorrow On March by Nazis in Skokie, Ill ...,

Skokie Article


Here the Supreme Court

Skokie History | Frank Collin, et al. v. Albert Smith, et al. · Attempted,

/skokiehistory.omeka.net,br />

Nazi March - Illinois Periodicals Online - Northern Illinois University,

www.lib.niu.edu/1978/ii781111.htmlApril 27, 1977

7th Circuit Affirms Nazi Free Speech Rights in Skokie | Today in Civil,


Courts - Skokie Newspaper Index,


22, 1988,

Village of Skokie v. Nat'l Socialist Party of America :: 1978 :: Supreme ...,

law.justia.com › ... › Illinois Case Law › Supreme Court of Illinois Decisions › 1978The appellate court modified the injunction order, and, as modified, defendants are ... uniform of the German Nazi Party embellished with the Nazi swastika"; that the plaintiff village announced intention to march in Skokie, 15 to 18 Jewish organizations, within the village The decisions of that court, particularly Cohen v.

Collin v. Smith: 1977 - Encyclopedia.com

www.encyclopedia.com/law/law-magazines/collin-v-smith-1977Decision: That Skokie could not prevent the Nazis from marching kokie appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, and the case was

May 23, 1978, New York Times, Appeals Court Upholds Nazi Plan To Hold Demonstration in Skokie ...,

June 13, 1978, New York Times, Justices Clear Skokie Parade By Nazi Group - The New York Times,


Jun 30, 1977, Washington Post, Nazis' March In Skokie, Ill., Stirs Emotion,,


Supreme Court Says Ban on Neo-Nazi Party Demonstrations Is ...,Cached,


Collin v. Smith, 578 F.2d 1197 (1978),

law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/collinvsmith.htm Cached,

July 12, 1977, Brandeis.edu, Village of Skokie v. National Socialist Party, Cached,


Oct 3, 2016, blogs.mprnews.org, At the U of M, a lesson in free speech | NewsCut | Minnesota Public ...,


Sir Robert G. A. Jackson Papers on the United Nations Relief and ...




Missions d. .... CLARK, George 21; CLAY, Lucius D. 5:3; CLAYTON, Sir I. N. 37; CLAYTON, William L. .... Senior Deputy Director-General of UNRRA, 1945-1947, and in 1945 in charge ..... Deputy Military Governor, U.S. Occupation Zone of Germany, 1946 ... U.S. Deputy Director of Food Production Administration, 1943-1945

[PDF] Mark W. Clark Collection - The Citadel




Mark Wayne Clark, General, United States Army, Retired, was born in Madison ... Military. Academy at West Point and was commissioned a second lieutenant of Infantry in April. 1917. .... Army Forces, Far East; and Governor of the Ryukyu Islands. ..... File 10. Clay, Gen. Lucius. File 11. Clark, Gen. Mark W. and Renie. File 12.

NARA - AAD - Display Partial Records - Electronic Telegrams, 1978

https://aad.archives.gov › AAD › Free-text Results



Troy NY Times Record 1947 - Fulton History

fultonhistory.com/.../Troy%20NY%20Times%20Record%201947%20-%200717.pdfwhich- long I d been used for in- .... .lehn D. Gray, chaplain. Miss Julia ..... countries." (In Berlin, Lt. Gen. Lucius D. Clay, U. S. deputy military governor, called the

Finding aid of "Jean Edward Smith Papers" GTM.GAMMS234
Smith authored a full-length biography of General Lucius D. Clay entitled ... Clay deputy military governor in Germany under General Dwight D. ...... 68881 Styer, D. W. 05/06/1971-05/18/1971 1 ALS dated 5/6/1971 from Lieutenant General D. W. ...... of Clay, U.S. Deputy Military Governor in Germany, with Robert D. Murphy, ...

General Events in History - BrainyHistory
1988 Event - Military coup in Haiti: Lieutenant General Avril takes control, Henri .... 1978 Death - Lucius D. Clay, general and Governor U.S. zone W-Germany ...... finance chairmen, acquitted in Watergate, U.S. Deputy Postmaster General 1955...

[PDF] Kruger_ku_0099D_13716_DATA_1.pdf - KU ScholarWorks - The ...


by LL Kruger - ‎2014 - ‎Related articles, reform, but the British and American military governors were asked by their respective ...... 67 General Lucius D. Clay, “Germany – Four Years of Occupation,” Army ...... 183 Pogue, The Supreme Command, 76, and Lt-Gen Sir Frederick C. Morgan. ...... from the U. S. Deputy Military Governor, General Clay, issued to the...

[PDF] JCS and National Policy, Vol. II, 1947-1949, by ... - Joint Chiefs of Staff
www.jcs.mil/Portals/36/Documents/History/Policy/Policy_V002.pdfgovernor of Nebraska and at that time a member of General Lucius Clay's mili ..... quent trips in the company of Lieutenant General Yiadis, the Greek Chief of Staff, to command posts in the ...... when Marshal Vasily D. Sokolovsky, the Soviet Military Governor, walked out of ... I! Hayes, USA, the US Deputy Military Governor.

The American Decision to Divide Germany, 1944-1949 - H-Net Reviews,
Though Moscow was becoming less cooperative by early 1946, U.S. Deputy Military Governor Lucius D. Clay still believed firmly that unity among the victors ...

Table 2: Western Military District Civilian Internment Camps (as of 31 Dec 45)………...109 ..... returning to the US, Deputy Director of the OMGH Denazification Division Arsen ...... Directive & Handbook (Basic Documents Civil Affairs-Military Gov't.) ...... Wickersham's successor, Lieutenant General Lucius D. Clay, later recalled

The author is indebted to General Lucius D. Clay and Professor Oron J. Hale who read ... In October 1939, the Judge Advocate General, Maj. Gen. Allen W. Gullion ..... The Army doctrine that made the theater commander the military governor at ...... Hilldring asked the US Deputy G-5, General Holmes, to get the 24 August ...

PDF]Download as a PDF - CiteSeerX
by DRG BRADSHER - ‎Cited by 1 - ‎Related articles, and the Commanding General of the Army Air Forces, Lt. General Henry H. Arnold. In March 1942, the ...... Records Maintained for the Military Governor, LTG Lucius D. Clay 1945-194963 ...... 1949 Austria - Instructions to the US Deputy for the.

March 9, 1962, Chicago Tribune, 227 GIs Taken By Reds Since '54, Probe Told; 29 Still Missing; 7 Reported Dead. by Willard Edwards,
The Senate armed services subcommittee asked more than two months ago for ... or irregular communist agencies" since 1954, after the end of the war in Korea. ... training in the evils of communism and the benefits of American citizen- ship. When a demandwas made today of Carlisle P. Runge, as- s
aistant secretary of ...

June 2, 1950, Chicago Tribune, Seek Full Scale Probe In Amerasia Spy Case, by Willard Edward
opened the debate with a demand that the ekerasia case "be brought into the open to ... of inveastigation and office of strategic services agents founders, 1,700 secret and ... The justice department made an out-of-court deal in the case which was con- and ... Smith started her speech by declaring that lack of leader- ship both in ...
archives.chicagotribune.com/.../seek-full-scale-probe-in-amerasia-spy-case,br />

June 10, 1951, Chicago Tribune, M'ARTHUR HITS SLUR HE URGED CHIANG, RED ...
Acheson said the President also has authorized the agencies to co- operate with congressional com- ... 2. A demand by Sen. Bridges [R., N. H.], Sen. George ED., Ga.], and others that any investigation of ... Probe of Red Aids Asked. 3. ... A fourth of the senate member- ship is represented on the two committees sitting jointly.

February 22, 1950, Chicago Tribune, Senate Feuds Over Red Quiz In State Dept., by Willard Edwards,
P. cloakrooms, At least two other senate committees were better qualified to ... that the resolution be amended to instruct the committee to demand the records from ... He remarked that the probe might lead into an historic conflict in which the ... McCarthy said the state department Communists are under the leadership of

August 9, 1948, Chicago Tribune, Jury May Probe Shelton Gang 'Bribe Trap' Story,
The alleged records were made June 26, the day after Shelton and two of his ... during which the purported $25,000 demand was discussed with an alleged ... time to produce the secretly made recordings for any official agency to hear. .... step conversation, he sidestepped questions concerning his relation- ship with Hull.
archives.chicagotribune.com/.../jury-may-probe-shelton-gang-bribe-trap- story

January 8, 1898, Chicago Tribune, WILL TELL IT ALL,
Senator Cullom is determined to probe this matter to the bottom, and It is believed there, be sensational developments In a week or two. ... As It Is the intention of the government to ship the reindeer 1in freight cars from New York After they ... to legislate on this most Important subject, now demanding immediate attention."

January 17, 1972, Chicago Tribune, Remodeling Costs Soar,
Continued on page 2, col. s I ... Service as part of its probe into the affairs of the late Secretary of State Paul Powell. ... down, but the assessor demanded it again when he saw the other agency's vault floor covered. ... In this game of one-upmanship, the players are unconcerned the cost of the changes


December 14, 1969, Chicago Tribune, Panther Slayings Split the City Into Name Calling Factions, by Ronald Koziol,
When the smoke had cleared, two Panther leaders lay dead.of Colored People, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the Cook ... which is composed of 26 human relations and social welfare agencies, the local Call for Probe ... Rush also was in popular demand to be interviewed by: local radio stations.

archives.chicagotribune.com/.../panther-slayings-split-the-city-into-name- calling-factions,

August 11, 1942, Chicago Tribune, 3 Senators Assail 'Smear' on Tribune, by Chesly Manly,
Grand Jury Probe ... "I also recall the articles con. in THE CHICAGO TRIBUNE and one or two other .... "America faces her gravest task- a task that will demand greater sacrifice, greater suffering .... When this smear and purge attack failed to defeat members of congress, the agencies of government were brought into play to,


March 1, 1968, Chicago Tribune, Partial Text of Report by Civil DisorderCommission; Lists Causes of Uprising In Ghettos; White Racism Is Salient Factor,

Our nation is moving toward ;two societies, one black, one white-separate and unequal.of funding and performance, but they neIther probe deeper nor demand more for local, state, and federal administrative and public service agency Increasing communication across racial lines to destroy stereotypes, to halt,

archives.chicagotribune.com/.../partial-text-of-report-by-civil-disorder- commission,

Self-financing Genocide: The Gold Train, the Becher Case and the Wealth of
Gábor Kádár, Zoltán Vági - History - 2004 - 413 pages

"Recounts the economic annihilation of the Hungarian Jews, who - from an economic point of view - were most influential than any other Jewish community in Europe. Following the German occupation in March 1944, the collaborating Hungarian government attempted to assert its claim concerning the complete confiscation of Jewish assets at all stages along the road leading to the extermination camps." "The book analyzes the role played by SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer Kurt Becher, one of the most controversial and mysterious figures in the Hungarian and universal history of the Holocaust. Becher, delegated to Hungary by Himmler, administered and benefited from the confiscation of an enormous amount of Jewish assets."--BOOK JACKET.

Self-financing Genocide: The Gold Train, the Becher Case and the Wealth of
By Gábor Kádár, Zoltán Vági

November 6, 1946, AP - The Cornell Daily Sun, Vol. 64, No. 19, page 3, British Release Jew-Arab Chiefs In Peace Move; All Express Optimism On Palestine Future; Zionists Spur Action,